I will not write my own perfume glossary with words and terms from the perfume world; others have already done it (much) better than me. But I will provide with some links to super informative and well written blog posts that pretty much cover what you need to know about perfume, different notes, precious ingrediens, and terms. For example, what is a "blindbuy"? What the heck is a "scrubber"? (guess, you are probably right) and more.
Here is another link to a very well written perfume glossary, that takes up a lot of different ingrediens and notes from A to Z.
Now happy scenting!